General characteristics Topographic map of Australia. Dark green represents the lowest elevation and dark brown the highest Surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans, [N 6] Australia is separated from Asia by the Arafura and Timor seas, with the Coral Sea lying off the Queensland coast, and the Tasman Sea lying between Australia and New Zealand.
Australian journalist, author and comedian Wendy Harmer speaks out against Australia's mandatory bicycle helmet laws. Link to or download New Zealand's public health and safety disastera kb PDF file you can reference or email as an attachment to legislators or media if mandatory bicycle helmet laws are threatened in your area.
Summary A health benefit model developed at Sydney's Macquarie University and published in March suggests Australia's national mandatory bicycle helmet laws incur a health cost to the country of approximately half a billion dollars every year.
The Macquarie University study was publicised on April 27 by the prestigious New Scientist magazine but no Australian media consider it newsworthy. The reduction in head injury numbers was marginal. In essence, the results strongly suggest that the mandatory wearing of helmets increases the risk of accidents and thus injuries.
The data on this website and on this page confirms that in Western Australia, the massive decline in cycling and children's health and safety began in when the helmet law was enacted. Inthe cities of SydneyPerthFremantle and Adelaide were calling for a trial exemption or eventual scrapping of bicycle helmet laws so they can encourage cycling and avoid the bike share failures suffered in Melbourne and Brisbane.
In Marchthe British Medical Journal published Do enforced bicycle helmet laws improve public health? The study concludes from worldwide data that any reductions in head injury following enactment of mandatory bicycle helmet laws are due to the consequent reduction in numbers of cyclists on the road, not because of injury-prevention benefits afforded by helmets.
Although the BMJ article cites WA's poor legislative results and was reported by the local media, the WA Government has declared it will not review its bicycle helmet legislation.
In earlythe prestigious international peer-review journal Accident Analysis and Prevention published a paper PDF 68kb disproving the conclusions of most international case control studies since that have been used to justify the mandatory wearing of bicycle helmets.
There are various reasons why mandatory helmet wearing increases cyclist risk, including research published in September by Bath University in the UK suggesting that "bicyclists who wear protective helmets are more likely to be struck by passing vehicles" also see New York Times.
Other causes include a doubling of the head size likely to make impact, rotational brain injury and risk compensation. Cartoon thanks to Yehuda Moon and the Kickstand Cyclery All evidence shows that mandatory bicycle helmet laws discourage one of society's most popular, regular and beneficial activities involving healthy recreational exercise - that is, riding a bicycle.
Alternatively, read about it in the Sydney Morning Herald April 28 Australia is suffering an obesity health crisis caused by its increasingly sedentary lifestyle, with reports in that the average Australian lifespan will fall by two years click here for press clippings or read an ABC radio interview about Australia's obesity crisis recorded in February Health Department assessments show that Australian obesity rates have doubled since bicycle helmet law enactment at the beginning of the s.
It was reported in April that obesity is a bigger killer than smoking in Australia. The lifespan of Australians is falling because they are becoming increasingly fat, yet its citizens are punished if they want to enjoy regular exercise without wearing a hot, uncomfortable, inconvenient helmet that is proven to increase their risk of accident and injury.
Helmet Freedom allows you to automatically send pre-formatted letters to Australian politicians calling for repeal of mandatory bicycle helmet laws. Feel free to forward this document to anybody interested in public health and safety.Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by . Timeline of the introduction of radio in countries Notes and citations [ edit ] ^ See WRGB History, How Television Came to Boston: The Forgotten Story of W1XAY, W3XK: America's first television station, and "WRNY to Start Daily Television Broadcasts," The New York Times, August 13, , p.
Australia Home. Australia Traditions. Folklore; Holidays; These ceremonies are held at war memorials around the country of Australia.
During the day, the ceremonies always include an introduction, a hymn, a prayer, and address, laying of wreaths, recitation, a period of.
Plain packaging is a key part of Australia’s comprehensive package of tobacco control measures, which include: updated and expanded health warnings under the Competition and Consumer (Tobacco) Information Standard (Standard), which commenced on 1 January and took full effect from 1 December The Standard requires health warnings to cover at least 75 per cent of the front of.
Australia: Introduction Australia is a country in Oceania bordering the Indian Ocean and the Southern Pacific Ocean. Australia is comprised of mainland Australia, the island of Tasmania, and several small islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Australia, the smallest continent and one of the largest countries on Earth, lying between the Pacific and Indian oceans in the Southern Hemisphere. Australia’s capital is Canberra, located in the southeast between the larger and more important economic and cultural centres of Sydney and Melbourne.