Power generation I was motivated to write this paper by posts I saw on a certain discussion area of a well-known museum administered by the US government in Washington, DC.
Donate Social Psychology Social psychology uses scientific methods to study how people relate to each other. As such, many of its most basic and classic findings are relevant to civil politics.
The fundamental attribution error is most visible when people explain the behavior of others.
Among the most basic situations that relates to political civility is the presence of competition. The original study of what has been dubbed Realistic Conflict Theorycreated animosity artificially by simply dividing a group of boys into 2 groups and having them compete.
Politics, especially in a 2 party system, is guaranteed to create competition. However, politics can perhaps be tempered by the realization that we all also have superordinate goals, not just party goals. We all want to reduce the deficit, reduce terrorism, increase employment, feed the poor, educate children, increase access to healthcare, reward productivity, encourage business growth, etc.
Unfortunately, sometimes these superordinate goals are lost to competitive goals. In a sense, the promotion of superordinate policy goals is a way to create a non-zero sum situation, as opposed to focusing exclusively on the zero-sum game of politics, where every election winner wins at the expense of a loser.
Tax reform under Reagan that closed loopholes for the wealthy, while reducing the top tax rate 3 Positive contact reduces animosity between groups.
Another basic branch of research in social psychology concerns the contact effect, which was developed to promote cooperation among racial groups, but whose basic tenets hold true for any inter-group processes.
Simply put, it is easier to demonize groups that you do not have positive contact with. Again, as with most social psychology, the tenets are hardly surprising, but individuals still may find that they demonize groups of individuals without getting to know them personally, even when they intellectually know better.
This article outlines some common situational factors that lead groups to develop or not develop animosity, with the following factors leading to increased animosity: How might we create situations that lead to less animosity while allowing genuine disagreement?
There is bound to be value and goal disagreement between political partisans, but perhaps we can also emphasize value and goal congruence. There is bound to be some threat, in the form of policies that we disagree with, but perhaps we can keep perspective on the extent of the threat.
Power has changed between parties numerous times without destroying our country. What threat exists is largely to the jobs of those in power, but perhaps politicians can begin to see power as a means toward better policy, rather than an end in and of itself.
That is, conservatives believe liberals hold more liberal views than they really hold and liberals believe conservatives hold more conservative views than they really hold. Such biases almost certainly contribute to the partisan gap in factual beliefs e. It is difficult to negotiate and compromise if two sides begin with different sets of factual beliefs.
Also, because we are unlikely to recognize how ideological biases particularly our own — see this research on the bias blind spot we have affect our judgments, we are likely to perceive a political opponent who holds different factual beliefs than our own as either unintelligent not smart enough to understand the data like our side does or disingenious motivated for political reasons to misrepresent the actual scientific findings.
These are just a few of the most basic social psychology research areas that obviously relate to the continued incivility that we witness in American politics.
Please feel free to suggest edits and additions to this page as this page is meant to be a living document and I have no pretense that I have covered the entirety of social psychology research as it relates to civility in politics just yet.
This paper is a dated, but still relevant overview of realistic conflict theory restricted access for full paper, unfortunately. This paper looks at the opposition to desegregation through the lens of group conflict, rather than just racism.
This paper shows how realistic conflict operates in modern discussions of immigration.The Boxing Academy. to The Boxing Academy. The Boxing Academy offers a high quality alternative education to even the most hard-to-reach young people, realised through the discipline, ethos and culture of boxing.
ABSTRACT - The basic premise of this paper is that a consumer's behavior depends not just on the value of goods and services available relative to their respective prices, but also on the consumer's perception of the quality of the financial terms of the teal.
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), formerly known as dementia pugilistica, is a neurodegenerative disease found in people who have had multiple head injuries. Symptoms may include behavioral problems, mood problems, and problems with thinking.
This typically does not begin until years after the injuries.
It often gets worse over time and can result in dementia. Mar 21, · Developed by researchers at MIT, SoFi is a soft-bodied robot that glides silently through the water with a smooth, undulating motion designed to mimic the movements of real fish.
A detailed research-backed breakdown of the best supplements that actually does something for muay thai / mma / boxing / strength training. Cardio kick boxing and regular kick boxing are two very different sports.
Cardio kick boxing is a workout that involves punching and kicking the air, not an opponent. While regular kick boxing is sparring with a partner, or hitting a punching bag.