Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access Nature vs.
And they just might confirm everything you thought about that kindergarten bully. Professor Terrie Moffitt is one of them. Inthe American scholar was lured to Dunedin, where she joined a group of researchers who were already 13 years into a study that continues today.
Moffitt had a PhD in clinical psychology with a focus on crime. What, she wondered, could year-olds at the bottom of the world teach her — and, by extension, the rest of us — about juvenile crime?
At regular intervals — 12 times so far — study members are brought back to Dunedin from wherever in the world they live at the last assessment only a third still lived in the city to participate in a day of interviews, physical tests, dental examinations, blood tests, computer questionnaires and surveys.
So-called longitudinal studies of this sort seek to provide us with answers to questions on subjects as diverse as child health, injury prevention and links between drug abuse and adult psychosis.
Why, for example, does one person end up heading a successful business while another repeatedly heads to court? The Dunedin Study, as it is usually called, is one of several cohort projects worldwide.
Its findings are broadly the same as those of work that began later in other developed countries, which is why it has long been regarded as one of the very best.
However, few outside the worlds of science or social policy know what exactly it is or how it affects us all. A recent documentary series, Why Am I? They admitted to fighting in public places, setting fires or other antisocial behaviour, which suggested to scientists — and probably some relieved parents — that such misdeeds are mere rites of passage.
But Moffitt went back through early records of these teens and found that disruptive, bullying behaviour at the age of three was a reliable predictor of criminal offending in later years. By age 25, most of the criminally inclined study members had grown out of crime.
They were doing it when we saw them at age 38 and they will still be doing it now.
No matter how civilised our society becomes, we will always have a small proportion of people in this antisocial lifestyle. Put another way, nature is the seed and nurture is the sunshine and water. They are drawn to this lifestyle through their vulnerability.
It means they are somehow protected from boys while they negotiate pubertal change. In the past five years, the US Supreme Court has heard arguments based on findings of the Dunedin Study that most youths grow out of crime.
It is now case law that a juvenile cannot be sentenced to death, and as a result, 72 adolescents in America have been spared execution.
The equivalence can be deceiving, however. Woman are more likely than men to be hospitalised after an incident of domestic violence, and the mental health consequences also differ sharply by gender: Moffitt was 29 when she joined the study and is now Poulton first came into contact with the work as a year-old psychology student.As for why, all they can say is that for reasons both nature and nurture, men have different sex roles than women, and these affect crime.
4) Intelligence: Low intelligence, particularly the verbal component, seems to have a major impact on the criminal individual. Put another way, nature is the seed and nurture is the sunshine and water.
Girls are much less likely to show criminal tendencies, and the stories of the ones who do are very different from the boys’: the combination of early puberty and older boyfriends is what sends them off the rails. Dec 12, · Trying to separate out nature and nurture as explanations for behaviour, as in classic genetic studies of twins and families, is now said to be both impossible and unproductive.
In practice the nature-nurture model persists as a way of framing discussion on the causes of behaviour in genetic. In this way both nature and nurture have an important role to play in crime causation. Acknowledgement We would wholeheartedly like to thank our dear lecturer Miss Komal Boudhun to put faith in us by giving us the opportunity to probe into the link between environmental and genetic fatcors leading to crime.
- Nature vs Nurture The idea of nature vs nurture when it comes to gender identity is a controversial and highly debated topic. However I feel that one side is supported by science and research, while the other is supported by unproven theories. Crime is a serious issue that affects everyone in society.
It affects the victims, perpetrators, and their families. Some argue that criminal behavior is due to environment, others due to biological determinants, but most likely inhabits both sides of the Nature vs. Nurture argument.