As a result, the conflict was shaped to a remarkable degree by a small handful of adventurers and low-level officers far removed from the corridors of power.
Introduction In the field of economics, the s were witness to a debate on the models of integration to be used for externalities such as the planet's water, air, land, forests and natural resources.
This situation, in turn, reveals the need to revise current sustainability models and has placed much greater emphasis on qualitative indicators that redirect the attention of economists, politicians, geographers, educators, sociologists, psychologists and environmentalists toward non-quantifiable qualities of the environment.
The influence exerted by Latin America in this new conceptual debate has been a key factor in the use of alternative indicators such as the "human development index," the "dignity line" or the "well-being index.
The conventional criteria most commonly used—based on annual growth rates, per capita gross product, inflation rates, etc. However, they have proved to be weak and inefficient in terms of laying the foundations for an economy that is truly equitable with regard to the less-favored sectors of the population; an economy that is understanding toward the excluded territories and, at the same time, is integrating and respectful of the natural resources and the new ethics of sustainability.
According to the Nobel Prize-winner for Economics, STIGLITZLatin America appears in the new train of thought as a paradigmatic example of an area of the planet that has been ignored by the conventional hegemonic forms of approaching development and measuring it.
The fact that the region's results contradict this standpoint only goes to underline the models' inability to reflect realities other than those of the dominant standards. Environmental Crisis, Sustainability and Diplomatic Speeches Concern for the environment and societies' move toward a sustainable development is, nowadays, a priority on all international political agendas.
It has gradually gained support with differing degrees of commitment on an international level. The establishing of specific worldwide agreements on matters such as biodiversity, climate change, forests, water, land, environmental education, sustainable development These initiatives are contributing toward greater world convergence in socio-environmental planning instruments.
This covers not only questions concerning the exhausting of resources, greenhouse gases, sea pollution and general imbalance in ecosystems, but also others regarding economic differences, poverty, unequal distribution of resources, armed conflict, equity and social justice.
We also defend the need to evaluate the challenges and opportunities, as well as to take a critical look at the expectations posed by these initiatives in different institutional scenarios and social contexts.
Particular attention is given to the implications and consequences that are expected—depending on the type of indicators and latent models—with regard to the viability of achieving tangible short- mid- and long-term results in the search for shared solutions for our environmental problems.
The new models of world trade and production are giving rise to new problems of migration, settlement, infrastructure and exhausting of resources. The arguments presented by the UN Secretary General, Kofi ANNANpoint out the risk we are running that the poorest nations will be unable to comply with many of the objectives proposed, and he goes on to state that: This present generation is the first to have the resources and the technology to realize for all of us the right to development and to shelter the whole human race from need" p.
But in our highly unequal world greater equity would provide a powerful catalyst for poverty reduction and progress towards the MDGs The picture is not encouraging.
If current trends continue, there will be large gaps between MDG goals and outcomes. Those gaps can be expressed in statistics, but behind the statistics are the lives and hopes of ordinary people.
Human costs can never be captured by numbers alone Human development gaps within countries are as stark as the gaps between countries.
These gaps reflect unequal opportunity—people held back because of their gender, group identity, wealth or location. Such inequalities are unjust. They are also economically wasteful and socially destabilizing" UNDP,pp. However, it would wrong to distort a very simple truth:Environmental Education and Political Awareness.
while those involving non-point diffuse sources were more difficult to resolve. Reduction of non-point pollution in areas with extensive agriculture requires the construction of wetlands as a buffer between fields and rivers and lakes.
Given that international organizations occupy important nexus points in global processes, While the IBLF is able to communicate the impacts of its pro-social activities to its corporate members through annual reports, this communication is unlikely to generate much diffusion of CSR frameworks among those members.
and pollution emissions. Start studying Ch. 7: Environmental Policy. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. reduce pollution, promote human welfare(how it works) Theodore Roosevelt so important to U.S.
environmental policy? What legacy has he left behind for the American people? Presenting globalization in accessible language as a multifaceted process encompassing global, regional, and local aspects of social life, Manfred B.
Steger looks at its causes and effects, examines whether it is a new phenomenon, and explores the question of whether, . Some of the major environmental problems are as follows: 1.
Ozone Depletion, Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming 2. Desertification 3. Deforestation 4. Loss of Biodiversity 5. Disposal of Wastes. 1. Ozone Depletion, Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming: All the three physical phenomena are related to one another to a great extent.
The Shift from a Mechanistic to an Ecological Paradigm. a rejection of the assumption of human self-importance in the larger scheme of things. of remedies for the environmental crisis with.