Beginning in the war years and through the s, the state resumed an industrialization process that had been interrupted by the Great Depression. Arkansans migrated from the countryside to the cities and participated in the expanding consumer economy. Federal dollars subsidized infrastructure improvements.
Later, the British claimed the city at the straits "de troit" -- "the strait" and in it became part of the Territory of Michigan, owned by the fledgling United States of America. The city survived on fur trapping and trading before it moved on to processing iron ore, building stoves, railroad cars and finally automobiles.
The growth and prosperity of the city brought many job seekers to Detroit. In the Great Migration of African-American people of the World War I era, thousands of black people from the American South came north for jobs, many finding a home in Detroit and a job in the auto factories.
Growth of the auto industry in the s, s and s brought more people into the city. During the war years of the s when factories hummed round the clock building war goods, housing was particularly scarce. The city reached its population peak of almost two million people in the prosperous post-war s.
It was a busy big city of single-family homes with yards, good schools and pretty parks. This part of town was called Black Bottom because of its rich black soil. A vibrant neighborhood grew in this area, centered on St Antoine and Vernor; it included many night clubs, restaurants and other small businesses.
The area came to be known as Paradise Valley. The housing in Paradise Valley was old, and families lived in crowded conditions, but this was where black people could live; other areas of the city were not available to them.
Harmonie Park downtown photo at right has been redeveloped as a remembrance of Paradise Valley. Buck, who devoted herself to preserving the memory of Paradise Valley. The bulldozers rolled into Paradise Valley, and the Chrysler Freeway completely erased Hastings Street, while to the east of the freeway, new highrise buildings and suburban-style low-rise apartments and townhouses replaced the old neighborhood.
Ossian Sweet, purchased a house on Garland Street at Charlevoix, an attractive home where he and his wife and baby daughter could live. It meant they could move out of their current living arrangement, with Mrs.
The neighborhood was occupied by all white families, mostly blue collar tradesmen and clerks, some of whom had made threats as they realized their new neighbors were to be a black family. Sweet notified the police when he would be moving in, requesting protection. The police department responded by stationing cops near the house.
Moving day went okay, but by the next evening a hostile crowd had gathered in front of the house. Sweet had grown up in Florida where he had seen Negroes killed by white mobs. He had been in the thick of a riot, a white mob invading black neighborhoods, when he was attending medical school in Washington DC.
His wife Gladys had grown up in Detroit, actually living in a white neighborhood, and did not have the same level of fear of her new neighbors. Sweet, with his memories of racial violence, had recruited friends for protection and had stocked a closet with guns, just in case he had to actually defend those inside.
The baby was staying with relatives. The crowd grew noisy and some threw rocks at the windows. Sweet thought he heard someone breaking in and, in fear, distributed the guns to the men inside the house.
Amid the turmoil, a car pulled up with Dr. Shots were fired from the Sweet house and several men who were in the street were hit; one of them was killed. The police, who had not done much to disperse the crowd or protect the people in the house, demanded entry and began arresting everyone.
Dr Sweet, his wife and nine companions were tried for murder. They hired famous attorney Clarence Darrow to defend those charged in the case.
The trial was a national sensation, but ended in a hung jury.The National Association of the Advancement of Colored People began to challenge segregation in court.
Before World War 2, there were some significant victories.
Guinn v. the United States (), Buchanan v. Warley (), and Gaines v. Canada () were only a few. During the World War 2 and after challenges to segregation became more and. This article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable monstermanfilm.comced material may be challenged and removed. (September ) (Learn how and when to remove this template message). Detroit, the most populous city in Michigan and the Metro Detroit area, serves as a major port connecting the Great Lakes to the Saint Lawrence Seaway.
Detroit is also known as the traditional automotive center of the world and its name is synonymous for the US auto industry, as well as its musical legacies, which have earned it the nicknames Motor City and Motown.
Racial segregation in the United States, as a general term, includes the segregation or separation of access to facilities, services, and opportunities such as housing, medical care, education, employment, and transportation along racial lines.
The U.S. produced more than planes and tanks during World War II. "Perhaps the most amazing thing was the speed in which they changed over from cars to war machines," said Bob Kreipke, Ford's. Educational materials were deve loped through the Teaching American History in Baltimore City Program, a partnership between the Baltimore.