About Cambodia Geography The kingdom of Cambodia lies in the tropical zone that is situated in Southeast Asia and located in the Southwestern part of the Indochina peninsula. Much of the surface of the country is a low land area, which is bounded by mountain ranks and plateaus physically shaped like a pan.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. From mid-May to early October, the strong prevailing winds of the southwest monsoon bring heavy rains and high humidity. From early November to mid-March, the lighter and drier winds of the northeast monsoon bring variable cloudiness, infrequent precipitation, and lower humidity.
The weather between these seasons is transitional. Annual precipitation varies considerably throughout the country, from more than inches 5, mm on the seaward slopes of the southwestern highlands to about 50—55 inches 1,—1, mm in the central lowland region. Three-fourths of the annual rainfall occurs during the months of the southwest monsoon.
Plant and animal life Although much of Cambodia is heavily forested, the central lowland region is covered with rice paddies, fields of dry crops such as corn maize and tobacco, tracts of tall grass and reeds, and thinly wooded areas. Savanna grassland predominates in the transitional plains, with the grasses reaching a height of 5 feet 1.
In the eastern highlands the high plateaus are covered with grasses and deciduous forests. Broad-leaved evergreen forests grow in the mountainous areas to the north, with trees feet 30 metres high emerging from thick undergrowths of vines, rattans, palms, bamboos, and assorted woody and herbaceous ground plants.
In the southwestern highlands, open forests of pines are found at the higher elevations, while the rain-drenched seaward slopes are blanketed with virgin rainforests growing to heights of feet 45 metres or more.
Vegetation along the coastal strip ranges from evergreen forests to nearly impenetrable mangroves. The northeastern forests of Cambodia—like the neighbouring areas of Laos and Vietnam—once sheltered large populations of wild animals such as elephants, wild oxen, rhinoceroses, and several species of deer, but the loss of forest cover, combined with warfare and unregulated hunting in the region, sharply reduced those numbers.
Small populations of most of these species may still be found, along with some tigers, leopards, bears, and many small mammals.
Among the more common birds are heronscranesgrousepheasantpeafowl, pelicanscormorantsegretsand wild ducks. Four varieties of snakes are especially dangerous: Ethnic minorities include Chinese, Vietnamese, Muslim Cham-Malays, Laotians, and various indigenous peoples of the rural highlands.
The Khmer, who belong to the Mon-Khmer ethnolinguistic group, are concentrated in the lowland regions surrounding the Mekong River and the Tonle Sapon the transitional plain, and along the coast.
The product of centuries of intricate cultural and ethnic blending, the Khmer moved southward before bce into the fertile Mekong delta from the Khorat Plateau of what is now Thailand.
They were exposed to successive waves of Indian influence and, in the 8th century ce, to Indo-Malayan influence, perhaps including immigration from Java. Immigrations of Tai peoples occurred from the 10th to the 15th century, of Vietnamese beginning in the 17th century, and of Chinese in the 18th and 19th centuries.
They were shunted aside in the communist-led revolution of the s and made to become ordinary peasants.Cambodia has one of the highest levels of forest cover in the region as the interdependence of Cambodia’s geography and hydrology makes it rich in natural resources and biological diversity - among the bio-richest countries in Southeast Asia.
The current Prime Minister of Cambodia is Hun Sen, who was elected in Legislative power is shared between the executive branch and the bicameral parliament, made up of the member National Assembly of Cambodia and the member Senate.
These two unique guides produced by the Department of Defense provide comprehensive information about all aspects of life in Cambodia, with a special emphasis on geography, history, the economy, society, security and military matters, religion, traditions, urban and rural life, ethnic groups, crime, the environment, government, holidays, gender issues and much more.
Cambodia, country on the Indochinese mainland of Southeast monstermanfilm.comia is largely a land of plains and great rivers and lies amid important overland and river trade routes linking China to India and Southeast Asia.
The influences of many Asian cultures, alongside those of France and the United States, can be seen in the capital, Phnom Penh, one of a handful of urban centres in the largely. Cambodia is a small country located in Southeast Asia bordering the Gulf of Thailand.
Cambodia lies between Thailand and Vietnam. It occupies a total area of , square kilometers, and out of all of this, only , square kilometers are on land.
Among the ethnic minorities in Cambodia before , the Chinese were the most important, for they controlled the country’s economic life. They were shunted aside in the communist-led revolution of the s and made to become ordinary peasants.